Artificial Intelligence is a concept that concerned individuals from all across the globe and from all times. Ancient Greeks and Egyptians represented in their myths and philosophy machines and artificial entities who have qualities resembling to those of humans, specifically in what thinking, reasoning and intelligence are concerned.
Artificial intelligence is often a branch pc science concerned with the study as well as the design of the intelligent machines. The definition of of "artificial intelligence", coined in the conference that took place at Dartmouth in 1956 originates from John McCarthy who defined it as being the science of creating intelligent machine.
Combined with the growth and development of the electronic computers, back in 1940s, this domain and concept called artificial intelligence and anxious with all the coming of intelligent machines resembling to humans, more precisely, having qualities such as that relating to a person, started produce intelligent machines.
The disciplines implied by the artificial intelligence are extremely various. Fields of knowledge for example Mathematics, Psychology, Philosophy, Logic, Engineering, Social Sciences, Cognitive Sciences and Computer Science are incredibly important and closely interrelated are incredibly important with regards to artificial intelligence. These fields and sciences help with the creation of intelligent machines that have resemblance to people.
The application aspects of artificial intelligence are really various such as Robotics, Soft Computing, Learning Systems, Planning, Knowledge Representation and Reasoning, Logic Programming, Natural Language Processing, Image Recognition, Image Understanding, Computer Vision, Scheduling, Expert Systems and much more others.
The joy of artificial intelligence has recorded a fast and spectacular evolution since 1956, researchers achieving great successes in creating intelligent machines competent at partially doing what individuals are capable of doing.
Obviously, studies have encountered but still encounter several problems in simulating a person's intelligence. A smart machine have to have many characteristics and ought to match some particular standards. As an example, a persons being is able of solving a challenge faster by using mainly intuitive judgments rather than conscious judgments.
Another aspect that researchers have considerably analyzed was the ability representation which refers back to the knowledge about the world that intelligent machines will need to have in order to solve problems such as objects or types of objects, properties of objects, relations between objects, relations including those between causes and effects, circumstances, situations etc.
Moreover, another challenge for researchers in the area of artificial intelligence refers back to the proven fact that intelligent machines has to be in a position to plan the issues that must be solved, to create several goals that must be achieved, as a way to make choices and predict actions, they should be able learn, to be aware of the human languages and to display emotions and understand and predict the behaviour of the others.
Artificial intelligence is definitely an challenging and vast field of data which poses many questions and generates many controversies but in addition solves many problems that technology and industry are confronting with today and could offer many answers later on.
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